This pink lake in Western Australia has an incredible natural phenomena – the color of the water is pink. This unique color is caused by green alga and/or a high concentration of brine prawn. The color is not always pink, and depends on temperature, level of salinity, and light conditions.
Pink Lake is a salt lake in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia. Although historically the water in the lake was visibly pink, as of 2017 it had not been pink for over ten years. Salt concentration is vital to Pink Lake’s pink hue, and Pink Lake may turn pink again as conditions changeArea: 99 haSurface elevation: 0 cmLength: 4 kmWidth: 2 kmLocation: Goldfields-Esperance, Western AustraliaDid you know: Australia boasts two famous pink lakes, Lake Hillier and Hutt Lagoon.Pink Lake (previously known as Lake Spencer) is a salt lake in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia. The distinctive colour of the water changes as a result of green alga Dunaliellasalina, halobacterium Halobacteria cutirubrum, and/or high concentration of brine prawn.Max. length: 4 km (2 mi)Surface elevation: 0 m (0 ft)Surface area: 99 ha (245 acres)Location: Goldfields-Esperance, Western Australia…The distinctive colour of the water changes as a result of green alga Dunaliella salina, halobacterium Halobacteria cutirubrum, and/or high concentration of brine prawn. Once the lake water reaches a salinity level greater than that of sea water, the temperature is high enough and adequate light conditions are provided, the alga begins to accumulate the red pigment beta carotene. The pink halobacterium grow in the salt crust at the bottom of the lakeIt is believed that the construction of a highway and a rail line altered the flow of water into the lake reducing its salinity which is why (as of 2017) it no longer appears pink
In 1848 explorer John Septimus Roe named the waterway Lake Spencer after Sir Richard Spencer, a Resident Magistrate in Albany who contributed to the early formation of the colony of Western Australia. Lake Warden, adjacent, is recorded as having been named after Sir Richard Spencer’s wife, Lady Ann Warden Spencer.
The Lake has displayed a distinct pink hue in the past and was colloquially referred to as Pink Lake until 1966 when the Shire President, Cr W S Paterson submitted a request to the Geographic Names Committee which was successful and resulted in Lake Spencer officially becoming Pink Lake. For many years Pink Lake was a tourist attraction in the Esperance region with the surrounding area, an arterial road and local businesses adopting the name.
Because tourists who visit Esperance to see the Pink Lake are disappointed not to see a pink lake, there have been proposals to either change the name of the lake and the town back to Lake Spencer or to find a way to alter the salinity so that the lake appears pink once again
Lake Hillier is located on Middle Island in the Recherche Archipelago off the coast of Cape Arid, east of Esperance. The Lake is well known for its bright pink hue that contrasts with the deep blue of the ocean. The Island is managed by the West Australian Government and accessible by boat and air.
Historically Pink Lake was the terminal lake in the Lake Warden wetland system, where water from the central suite of lakes (Wheatfield, Woody and Windabout) and Lake Warden would periodically flush into Pink Lake, bringing accumulated salts into the environment.
Increasing salt concentrations combined with decreasing water levels from evaporation during summer trigger the appearance of the pink hue that can be seen in lakes across the country. Pink Lake lost its connection to Lake Warden and the eastern lakes with the construction of the railway line and South Coast Highway.
Commercial salt mining, which began in 1896 and ceased in 2007 reduced salt levels in the lake. With further reductions to the lake’s salt concentration being caused by freshwater entering the system through a combination of surface water inflow and increased groundwater inflow due to clearing in the catchment area associated with nearby subdivisions