Armistice Day 100 Years Later

World War 1

World War 1 Memorial Statue

November 11, 2018 was the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War, aka World War 1. You and I know it better as Veteran’s Day.

Veteran’s Day exists on November 11 because of Armistice Day in 1918. The “war to end all wars,” as it was then called, didn’t accomplish the task of ending wars.

In fact, many who have studied WW1 conclude that the terms of Germany’s surrender planted the seeds for the next, and even larger, conflict two decades later.

Be that as it may, it is proper and right to remember the First World War in all its history and the sacrifices it entailed.

How Did the Great War Happen?

The incident which sparked the conflict was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife in July of 1914. Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian empire and he was shot to death by a Serbian nationalist.

World War 1

Statue of Kaiser Wilhelm

This swiftly developed politically until Austria-Hungary sent untenable demands to Serbia as a response to the killing of the Archduke. Austria-Hungary was supported by German Kaiser Wilhelm’s forces, while Serbia was backed by Russia.

With assurance from Wilhelm that they would support Austria-Hungary with their military might, they declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914.

Within a week, Russia, Belgium, France, Great Britain and Serbia had lined up against Austria-Hungary and Germany, and World War I had begun.

The “allies” formed the group headed by Russia at the time. The “central powers,” of Germany and Austria-Hungary were soon joined by the Ottoman Empire and these formed the opposing nations for the bulk of the war.

Fighting In The Trenches

A defeat of German forces at the First Battle of the Marne in Western Europe began the bloody campaign of ‘trench warfare’ which decimated forces on both sides. The Germans had hoped for a quick victory in that battle which took place only 30 miles from Paris.

However, French and British forces pushed the German Army back until the lines stabilized north of the Aisne River in France.

The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France. Both sides dug into trenches, and the Western Front was the setting for a hellish war of attrition that would last more than three years.

World War 1

Drawing of French Soldiers at Verdun

Fighting in the trenches during WW1 was a hellish exercise. Combatants on both sides suffered weeks of exposure to all the elements, and a new disease called ‘trench foot’ inflicted thousands.

 

 

 

 

Trench foot, or immersion foot syndrome, is a serious condition that results from your feet being wet for too long. The condition first became known during World War I, when soldiers got trench foot from fighting in cold, wet conditions in trenches without the extra socks or boots to help keep their feet dry. Trench foot killed an estimated 2,000 American and 75,000 British soldiers during WWI.

The trench-warfare casualties went beyond disease alone. The long battles left mountains of dead soldiers from both sides.

Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun (February-December 1916) and the Battle of the Somme (July-November 1916). German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone.

When I first read about the length of the Battle of Verdun I was stunned that it lasted almost a full year! It is difficult to even imagine the level of carnage and suffering produced by just this one battle of the unprecedented Great War.

The Dawn of Modern Warfare

Much of what we now take for granted as part of war made the first appearances in WW1. For example, the fearsome flamethrower made its debut during the war.

Tanks were first used during the battles of the Great War. Here was an armored juggernaut that could move rapidly and rain explosive devastation upon the enemy.

Inset.3.11.13.2018The first combat using airplanes was seen on the European battlefields of WW1. Bombs were dropped by hand on targets, while bullets were fired by rifles from the cockpits of biplanes and triplanes.

With the advent of air power also came the first appearance of aircraft carriers at sea. These floating platforms eventually replaced the battleship and remain vital even today.

Chemical warfare was introduced and gas masks were first used to counter it during the fighting. Terrible concoctions such as mustard gas inflected horrible, lingering death throughout the war.

America Breaks the Stalemate

Americans were uninterested in participating in WW1 under Woodrow Wilson’s isolationst policies. The official American entry did not occur until April 2, 1918 after multiple sinkings of American ships by Germany.

Though the war had been raging for almost four years, the conflict was basically a stalemate until the United States joined the fray. Russia had already withdrawn because of the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 and signed a peace agreement with Germany.

World War 1

Wounded American in France, 1918

American military forces filled the void left by Russia, and the allies began making swift gains and pushing the enemy back in all areas. By the fall of 2018, most of Germany’s allies in the “central forces” were ready to give up.

The Turks from the crumbling Ottoman Empire signed a peace treaty with the Allies in October, followed on November 4 by the remains of Austria-Hungary. Finally the Germans threw in the towel and the hostilities ended with the signing of the Armistice on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918.

The Treaty of Versailles

The official end of WW1 was with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. Germany was allowed almost no voice in the negotiation of the treaty, and was severely punished for its part in the war.

The boundaries of Germany were redrawn and they were assigned to pay war reparations to the Allies. They were also effectively disarmed by being restricted to a small army and only able to possess certain types of weapons.

World War 1

Palace of Versailles

 

 

Another result of the Treaty was the creation of a new League of Nations, which Germany was prohibited from joining until 1926. These and other crippling financial penalties were placed on Germany

The German government signed the treaty under protest. Right-wing German parties attacked it as a betrayal, and terrorists assassinated several politicians whom they considered responsible.

Moreover, the Treaty itself was not approved buy the U.S. Senate as they believed its restrictions were overly harsh. Indeed, Versailles created a growing resentment within Germany which allowed the initial rise of Hitler to the Chancellory in 1933, and WWII six years later.

Why It Matters to Remember

There were more than 16 million casualties during WWI. Destruction of such magnitude demands that we understand what went wrong and how to avoid this abomination.

The Great War has many important lessons for us 100 years later. Lessons we must continue to learn in each generation if we are not to repeat the horrors of that age.

Lessons about the inherent error and immorality of empires. Empires become infected with expansion by force, and wars are then inevitable.

Lessons about how to treat a defeated foe. The rise of National Socialism in Germany might likely have not come about if the victors would not have sought revenge.

I pray that we have learned enough in the past century to remain free and peacefully deal with those who oppose liberty. However, the final lesson among many of WWI was that we must always be prepared for those who will bring war to us, because it really wasn’t “the war to end all wars.”

So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under the law of liberty.  For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment. James 2:12-13 [ESV]

D.T. Osborn

Sources: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, Crossway Bibles, 2001

Top Image courtesy of Rudiger Stehn’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License
Inset Image 1 courtesy of Rudiger Stehn’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License
Inset Image 2 courtesy of Charles W. Bailey’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License
Inset Image 3 courtesy of Bernard Spragg. NZ’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License
Inset Image 4 courtesy of Reeve 10795’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License
Inset Image 5 courtesy of Chris Goldberg’s Flickr page – Creative Commons License

All other sources linked or cited in the text

First published in TIL Journal

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Michel Montecrossa’s Song & Movie ‘Talking Angela And Germany – Über Angela Und Deutschland Reden’ apropos Grand Coalition

Talking Angela and Germany

‘Talking Angela And Germany – Über Angela Und Deutschland Reden’ is Michel Montecrossa’s New-Topical-Song Apropos GroKo, the Grand Coalition in Germany. Michel Montecrossa in his New-Topical-Song says that at a crossroads hour of European history Germany needs a Grand Coalition for creating a strong government. In his view Germany with Chancellor Angela Merkel must be efficiently capable to work together with France and its President Emmanuel Macron for expansion of European unity into an EU and Eurasia culture and free trade association. Michel Montecrossa sees that the structure of world powers at present is polarizing and creating two main zones of global influence: the EU-Eurasia culture- and free trade continent with Merkel and Macron as two of the main players on the one side and the USA and England grouping with Trump and May on the other side. With this polarization gaining always more momentum it is of greatest importance that Germany gets a stable and strong government through an effective Grand Coalition.

https://audiomack.com/song/mirasoundgermany/talking-angela-and-germany-ber-angela-und-deutschland-reden
 
Michel Montecrossa about the New-Topical-Song ‘Talking Angela And Germany – Über Angela Und Deutschland Reden’:
“The New-Topical-Song ‘Talking Angela And Germany – Über Angela Und Deutschland Reden’ was written when Germany had to find a Grand Coalition that looks beyond narrow political party concepts to create a new German government capable of leading together with France the European Union into a new era of an EU-Eurasia culture- and free trade continent.”

 
Michel Montecrossa Homepage: www.MichelMontecrossa.com

TALKING ANGELA AND GERMANY – ÜBER ANGELA UND DEUTSCHLAND REDEN (APROPOS GROKO)
Angela now is in the GroKo round. / Angela ist jetzt in der GroKo Runde. / Grand coalition and no taboos. / Große Koalition und keine Tabus.
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Angela, be Europe-strong! / Angela, sei Europa-stark! / Angela, bring Turkey to the table! / Angela, bring die Türkei an den Tisch!
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Angela, boost big Eurasia business! / Angela, stärke große Eurasien-Geschäfte! / Angela, create big immigrants’ education! / Angela, schaffe große Einwanderer Ausbildung!
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Angela, make Germany the know-how leader! / Angela, mache Deutschland zum Know-how Führer! / Angela, make Germany the World-Free-Trade leader! / Angela, mache Deutschland zum Welt-Freihandels Führer!
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Angela, be a world-unifier! / Angela, sei eine Weltvereinigerin! / Angela, don‘t miss the EU-Eurasia chance! / Angela, verpass nicht die EU-Eurasien Gelegenheit!
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Make Germany a partner for peace and future building! / Mache Deutschland zum Partner für Friedens- und Zukunftsschaffung! / Freedom and Unity is what the world today needs! / Freiheit und Einssein braucht die heutige Welt!
Oh-ho-ho-ho
Lyrics & Music: Michel Montecrossa, © Mira Sound Germany

Song ‘Ist Schulz Weise – Is Schulz The Wise One?’ by Michel Montecrossa apropos Schulz & Merkel Coalition Battle 2017 in Germany

Ist Schulz Weise - Is Schulz The Wise One?

‘Ist Schulz Weise – Is Schulz The Wise One?’ is Michel Montecrossa’s New-Topical-Song apropos Schulz & Merkel Coalition Battle 2017.
‘Ist Schulz Weise – Is Schulz The Wise One?’ was written right in the middle of the German Schulz/Merkel Coalition Battle 2017 and the decision for Statesmanship that’s good for Germany or Polito-Corrupto opportunism that’s bad for Germany.

Michel Montecrossa Homepage: www.MichelMontecrossa.com


 

Michel Montecrossa says about his New-Topical-Song ‘Ist Schulz Weise – Is Schulz The Wise One?’:
“The difference between a Statesman and a Polito-Corrupto is that a statesman works for the good of the Nation and a Polito-Corrupto works only for his own good.
Before this background Germany 2017 had to make the historic decision for an effective coalition and the Winner-Door or for a Polito-Corrupto opportunism and the Loser-Door.
That’s what my New-Topical-Song ‘Ist Schulz Weise – Is Schulz The Wise One?’ is about.”

Explore Michel Montecrossa’s art, music, movies, quotes and more on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Montecrossa and on his facebook page

IST SCHULZ WEISE – IS SCHULZ THE WISE ONE?
(Apropos Schulz & Merkel Coalition)

Kann enttäuschte Liebe zu Freundschaft werden? / Ist Schulz weise, bereit mit Merkel zu reden? / Müssen alte Leute immer gefährlich sein, / uncool und unbeweglich?
Can disappointed love turn into friendship? / Is Schulz the wise one, ready to talk with Merkel? / Must old people always be dangerous, / uncool and so frozen?
Jung sein heißt lebendig sein, / offen zum frohen Leben. / Ist Schulz weise, bereit mit Merkel zu reden? / Deutschland, Europa und die ganze Welt erwarten das. / Politik ist kein Erwachsenen Kindergarten.
To be young means to be living, / open to the happy life. / Is Schulz the wise one, ready to talk with Merkel? / Germany, Europe and the whole world expect it. / Politics is not a kindergarten for grown-ups.
Alte Leute müssen nicht gefährlich sein / und im Wege stehen dem jungen Leben. / Ist Schulz weise, bereit mit Merkel zu reden? / Zusammenarbeit ist jetzt gefragt für ein starkes Deutschland.
Old people don’t have to be dangerous / and stand in the way of young life. / Is Schulz the wise one, ready to talk with Merkel? / Cooperation now is needed for a strong Germany.
Lyrics & Music: Michel Montecrossa, © Mira Sound Germany

Song ‘Talking Let’s Help The President Of The U.S.A.‘ apropos Trump Presidency (audio, lyrics & video)

‘Talking Let’s Help The President Of The U.S.A.‘ is Michel Montecrossa’s New-Topical-Song apropos Trump Presidency and the fact that Love, Goodwill and Cooperation pave the way to World Unity. It is a song about the fact that the greatness of a nation is determined by its readiness to stand for and move towards World Unity. It is a song about the fact that through this movement of Love all nations can help each other and that to help the USA President to understand this would mean to help to make America great again.
As Madonna said: “Good did not win this election, but good will win in the end.”

http://www.audiomack.com/song/mirasoundgermany/talking-lets-help-the-president-of-the-usa
 
Michel Montecrossa about his New-Topical-Song ‘Talking Let’s Help The President Of The U.S.A.’:
“To make America great again is okay if it means a step towards World Unity.”

Download this song here from the Mirapuri-Shop

Talking Let’s Help The President Of The U.S.A. (Apropos Trump Presidency)

Let’s help the President of the U.S.A.
to make America great again.
Let’s help the People, let’s help the People,
let’s help the People of America!
Let’s help the People, let’s help the People
and tell them: “We are your best friends!”

Let’s help the President of the U.S.A.
to make America great again.
I’m a European artist-singer.
My passport is German and I say:
“Germany First!” That’s what I say.
Germany is good, it will help you
on your way.

German cars are top in the world.
We build them for you in the great U.S.A.
We build them in China and Mexico too.
We build them in countries all over the globe.
We give American People work and money.
The ancestor of your President is a German, you know.

Sure, we are partners, our nations are great.
Sure, we make the world a better place.
Our blood is as red as is the blood of you.
We are proud to stand for Humanity with you
and thus ‘Germany First’ will help the U.S.A. People
to make America great again.

Lyrics & Music: Michel Montecrossa, © Mira Sound Germany


Michel Montecrossa Homepage: http://www.MichelMontecrossa.com

To stay updated follow the Michel Montecrossa Blog: https://michelmontecrossaliveblog.wordpress.com

Explore Michel Montecrossa’s art, music, movies, quotes and more on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Montecrossa

Join the party! – Michel Montecrossa Concerts at the following Festivals: http://michelmontecrossa.com/special-news/michel-montecrossa-at-the-following-festival-in-mirapuri/

Talking Let's Help The President Of The U.S.A.

Song ‘Angela Must Act Now – Angela Muss Jetzt Handeln!‘ (audio, lyrics and video)

‘Angela Must Act Now – Angela Muss Jetzt Handeln!‘ is Michel Montecrossa’s New-Topical-Song For A Strong German Future and a call to Angela Merkel to earn Karma Points.

 

 
Michel Montecrossa about the New-Topical-Song ‘Angela Must Act Now – Angela Muss Jetzt Handeln!’:
“Es ist ein Song, der sagt: ‘Lass die Haare wehen!’ It is a song that says: ‘Get the lead out!’”

Angela Must Act Now - Angela Muss Jetzt Handeln!

Download the single here from the Mirapuri-Shop

Michel Montecrossa Homepage: MichelMontecrossa.com

Become Michel Montecrossa’s friend on facebook: www.facebook.com/michel.montecrossa

To stay updated follow the Michel Montecrossa Blog: https://michelmontecrossaliveblog.wordpress.com

ANGELA MUST ACT NOW – ANGELA MUSS JETZT HANDELN!

Angela must act now: / must take the lead for European Unity, / must bring Turkey into the E.U., / must end Russia sanctions,
must join the E.U. with Eurasia, / must stand for and effectively build / the great E.U. and Eurasia Free-Trade-Continent / together with China, Russia, India and all nations,
to end NATO conflicts, / to solve the Ukraine problem, / to solve the Islamic riddle, / to activate the Transatlantic Free-Trade
with South America, Canada and the U.S.A. / and make superfluous Brexit and disunity. / “Angela must act now – Angela muss jetzt handeln!” / “Angela must act now – Angela muss jetzt handeln!”
Angela muss jetzt handeln: / muss Führung zeigen für Europäische Einheit, / muss die Türkei in die E.U. bringen, / muss Russland Sanktionen beenden,
muss die E.U. verbinden mit Eurasien, / muss zielstrebig und effektiv aufbauen / den großen E.U. und Eurasien Freihandels-Kontinent / zusammen mit China, Russland, Indien und allen Staaten,
um zu beenden NATO Konflikte, / um zu lösen das Ukraine Problem, / um zu lösen das islamische Rätsel, / um mit Südamerika, Kanada und den U.S.A.
den Transatlantik-Freihandel zu aktivieren, / überflüssig machend Brexit und Uneinigkeit. / “Angela must act now – Angela muss jetzt handeln!” / “Angela must act now – Angela muss jetzt handeln!”
Lyrics & Music: Michel Montecrossa, © Mira Sound Germany

Song & video ’Talking Turkey & The E.U. – Über Die Türkei & E.U. Reden’

 
Talking Turkey & The E.U. – Über Die Türkei & E.U. Reden’ is Michel Montecrossa’s New-Topical-Song apropos Turkey joining the EU. In his song Michel Montecrossa sees Turkey as the big bridge to Eurasia and sees that with Turkey joining the EU the door is open for great Eurasia business, opening a new dimension of trade, prosperity and peace culture for the EU, Turkey and the Middle East. Michel Montecrossa wrote this song as a mature answer to the childish Polito-Kindergarten-Game of insulting each other and thinks that it is better now to say ‘sorry’ and rather do what is really needed: to open new ways of peace for the Kurds and Turkey, to save all the refugees and to change the Middle East into a world of peace by building the big bridge between EU and Turkey for creating a united Eurasia of free trade and free associations for a better tomorrow of the greatest continent on earth.

http://www.audiomack.com/song/mirasoundgermany/talking-turkey-the-eu-ber-die-trkei-eu-reden

 
Michel Montecrossa says:
“I wrote the New-Topical-Song ’Talking Turkey & The E.U. – Über Die Türkei & E.U. Reden’ at a time when the EU and Turkey had nothing better to do than to insult each other and to make the big show of political Kindergarten. What I have to say is that Turkey must join the EU so that trade, prosperity and peace culture can grow on the way to a strong Eurasia. Stop all useless insults and get to the table! New ways then can open to change the Middle East into a world of peace.
That is what my New-Topical-Song ’Talking Turkey & The E.U. – Über die Türkei & E.U. Reden’ is all about and I wish all the best to Erdogan and Merkel.”

Download the song from the Mirapuri-Shop here

 

TALKING TURKEY & THE E.U. – ÜBER DIE TÜRKEI & E.U. REDEN
Time it is to talk about the E.U. and Turkey. / Zeit ist es, über die Türkei und E.U. zu reden, / For Turkey is the big bridge to Eurasia. / Denn die Türkei ist die große Brücke nach Eurasien.
With Turkey joining the E.U. / the door is open for great Eurasia business. / Mit der Türkei als E.U. Mitglieds Staat / ist das Tor offen für große Eurasien Geschäfte.
A new dimension of the E.U. then opens, you know, / Eine neue Dimension der E.U. zeigt sich dann / Of trade, prosperity and peace-culture strong / Des Handels, des Wohlstands und Friedenskultur stark.
New Ways can open then of peace / for the Kurds and for Turkey. / Neue Wege des Friedens können entstehen / für die Kurden und für die Türkei.
New ways can open to save all refugees / and to change the Middle East into a world of peace. / Neue Wege können entstehen, zu retten alle Flüchtlinge / und zu wandeln den Mittleren Orient in eine Friedenswelt.
Time it is to talk about the E.U. and Turkey. / Zeit ist es, über die Türkei und E.U. zu reden, / For Turkey is the big bridge to Eurasia. / Denn die Türkei ist die große Brücke nach Eurasien.
Lyrics & Music: Michel Montecrossa, © Mira Sound Germany

Michel Montecrossa Homepage: http://www.MichelMontecrossa.com

To stay updated follow the Michel Montecrossa Blog: https://michelmontecrossaliveblog.wordpress.com

A new life for her

For Linda, a new life begins,Camera 360
In a land so new and nice,
With people so sweet of heart;
Living with a family so full of charm;
Parents and kids with faces that smile;SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES
She starts this life a melody
In her heart;
Amazing people all fill her work place.
How lucky she counts herself;
To be with people she really loves;
In a land that gives her self worth;
And will her talent recognize;serve
And offer her a needed opportunity
To give the best of herself.
Germany this lovely land is called
And Berlin the city she’ll enjoy.??????????